Install multi version MySQL in one machine

Eby Sofyan
3 min readMay 25, 2019


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As a fullstack software developer, you must be a superman. What is superman? Someone who create an application, setup an automation, prepare server/hosting, install requirements that required by it machine, and ensure your environment will working well.

In case, your great application already running smoothly on your current server. But that condition will be changes when your client ask you to migrate that application into another existing machine with so many existing application. What do you feel?

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But . . . what a problem?

One of the most problem is, Version of the tools is really different. For example, Your application use MySQL with version 5.7, but on new machine already installed version 5.5. That’s really different, your application will not compatible and couldn’t running well as you think.

So . . . What is the solution?

1st. Upgrade MySQL version on your new machine

As simple as you think, upgrade MySQL version is the simplest way to fix that problem. But how about existing application that using old version? . . .

Another application is not my responsibility, i just ensure my application running well. That’s All 😆

That is not the best solution, fix one problem and bring up another complicated problem.

2nd. Install another version of MySQL

I think, this the right solution right now . . . Your MySQL will independent not conflict with another version.

And, how to do this?

Follow this step, trust me it’s works. But, make sure you already have a cup of coffee, because this will take a longer time.

Step 1. Download MySQL source code from official site or you can directly download from this link

Why install using source? why not using deb or another linux extension?

Using source, we can specify installation directory, so it doesn’t overwrite existing version.

Step 2. Copy that downloaded file into wherever you want. But in this sample, i copy into /opt

Step 3. Extract downloaded file and follow this instruction

tar -xvzf mysql-version.tar.gz
cd mysql-version
mkdir build
mkdir bost
cd build

And run below command in build directory

cmake \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/mysql-5.7.26 \
-DWITH_BOOST=/opt/mysql-5.7.26/bost \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql5.7.sock \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/mysql-5.7.26 \

DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX Destination directory to install mysql. Make sure, don’t use same directory with existing version.

DDOWNLOAD_BOOST Give value 1 if you want to automatically download boost

DWITH_BOOST Destination directory to place boost

DDEFAULT_CHARSET The server character set. By default, MySQL uses the latin1 (cp1252 West European) character set.

DDEFAULT_COLLATION The server collation. By default, MySQL uses latin1_swedish_ci

DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR Destination directory to place unix socket address that run mysql daemon

DSYSCONFDIR Destination directory to place mysql config my.cnf

And finish it with

make install

Step 4. Go to installation directory that you define on DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX and enter to bin directory. Let’s assume the value of DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX is /opt/mysql-5.7 then Create symbolic link with sudo ln -s /opt/mysql-5.7/bin/mysql /usr/bin/mysql5.7

Step 5. Create your new my.cnf by copy from existing my.cnf . Place file to directory have you registered on DSYSCONFDIR . Change several config or follow below config.

port = 3306
socket = /var/run/mysqld5.7/mysqld.sock
pid-file = /var/run/mysqld5.7/
socket = /var/run/mysqld5.7/mysqld.sock
datadir = /var/lib/mysql5.7
log-error = /var/log/mysql5.7/error.log

Step 6. Make datadir directory

sudo mkdir /var/lib/mysql5.7

Step 7. Create your first user

bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql
bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql --socket=/var/run/mysqld5.7/mysqld.sock &
bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password' --socket=/var/run/mysqld5.7/mysqld.sock

Note : Make sure you already on /opt/mysql-5.7/ and use --socket flag to specify mysql socket used

Step 8. Try to login using your account

mysql5.7 -u root -p --socket=/var/run/mysqld5.7/mysqld.sock

Note : If you can’t find mysql5.7 command, back to step 5

That’s it all. If you find missing way, don’t hesitate to make a comment and clap for this article if it use full. Thank you.



Eby Sofyan

Software developer with almost 3 years experience especially in Backend and Android Developmnet. Using Django and Kotlin as weapon.